An Assessment of the Gut Bacteriological Flora of Broiler Chickens Fed Synbiotic and Diet-Acidifiers

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) | Volume V, Issue III, March 2020 | ISSN 2454–6186

  An Assessment of the Gut Bacteriological Flora of Broiler Chickens Fed Synbiotic and Diet-Acidifiers

  Arogbodo, J. O*, Adebayo, I. A.
Department of Animal Production and Health, School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Nigeria
*Corresponding author 

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Abstract:- An experiment was conducted to determine the preponderance of both harmful and beneficial bacteria in the guts of broiler chickens fed synbiotic and diet-acidifiers. One hundred and forty four (144) unsexed day old Arbor Acre broiler chicks were purchased and reared for eight (8) weeks. The birds were divided into four groups and replicated thrice with 12 birds per replicate. They were randomly assigned into four different diets in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD). The diets were labelled I, II, III and IV to represent the control, synbiotic diet, diet-acidifiers inclusion, and diet-acidifiers + synbiotic inclusion diet respectively. At the end of the experiment, E. coli and Salmonella species which are big threat to poultry production were found to be more prominent in the gut of the control birds. Mortality of two (2) birds occurred in this group and none in the rest of the groups. Lactobacillus species and other less pathogenic bacteria were found to dominate the gut of birds in the rest of the groups. E. coli and Salmonella species were completely absent in the duodenum and jejunum of Groups II – IV birds but rather were dominated by Lactobacillus species. It was concluded that synbiotic and diet-acidifiers are useful additives that can be adopted in colonizing the gut of broiler chickens with amiable (synbiotic) bacteria, rather than antibiotics usage that are detrimental to gut microbes and of high public health concern.
Keywords: Bacteria, synbiotic, diet-acidifiers, guts, broiler chickens