Effect of Medial Arch Support on Medial Joint Pain in Osteoarthritis Knee with Flat Foot-A Single Case Study

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue I, January 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Effect of Medial Arch Support on Medial Joint Pain in Osteoarthritis Knee with Flat Foot-A Single Case Study

M. Anbupriya*1, V.Mohan2, V.P.R. Sivakumar3

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1Assistant Professor, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India
2 Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India
3 Dean, Department of Physiotherapy, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram District, India

Abstract

Background: – Knee osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis) is a prevalent musculoskeletal condition worldwide and is a leading cause of knee pain and disability among elderly people. Of the three knee joint compartments, knee osteoarthritis is most commonly observed in the medial tibio-femoral joint. This is most likely due to the greater loads applied to this compartment (relative to the lateral) during walking.
Objective: – To evaluate the effect of medial arch support on reduction of pain in medial osteoarthritis knee patient with flat foot.
Study Design: – Experimental design, Single case study.
Subject: -Patient was selected on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The study topic was explained to the patient and written concern was taken. The patient was provided with a medial arch support for a period of two months. The medial arch support was pasted in the patient’s footwear and was asked to wear it for a period of minimum 6 hours per day, at least 6 days a week. The medial arch support is made of silicon material with an average thickness of mm.
Results: -The study shows that there is an improvement in pain, symptoms, activities of daily living and quality of life in patients after the 8 week session of medial arch support.
Conclusion: – This case study aimed to evaluate the effects of non-customized prefabricated medial arch supports on medial joint pain in osteoarthritis patient with flat foot. Although a cause-and-effect relationship cannot be inferred from a case study, the outcomes achieved suggests medial arch support may have a substandard impact on the overall disease process in osteoarthritis knee on a long seen patient no immediate changes in the outcomes were evident with their use.

Keywords: Flat foot, pain, symptoms, activities of daily living and quality of life.