Effect of Breathing Retraining on Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients with Grade-II (GOLD) COPD

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue VIII, August 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

Effect of Breathing Retraining on Exercise Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients with Grade-II (GOLD) COPD

Suresh. T. N1*, Roshan. G. R2

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1Vice Principal, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institution of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India
2Students, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institution of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract:-
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterised by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes normal breathing and it is not fully reversible. Conditions like chronic bronchitis and emphysema are no longer used but they are included with COPD diagnosis. Smoking is one of the major cause for COPD, in which the airways becomes inflamed and damaged.
OBJECTIVE: To find out the effects of breathing retraining program or exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with grade II (GOLD) COPD patients.
METHODOLOGY: Quasi experimental. 20 subjects selected and intervention given on alternative days for a period of 4 weeks. Pulse oximeter and arm pedocyclometer used during intervention.
OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) questionnaire, 5 sit to stand test.
RESULT: The result of this study shows that there is improvement in the symptoms, functional state and total score among 20 COPD patients while there is no improvement in the mental state among 19 of them. There was improvement in the exercise capacity of the patient.
CONCLUSION: The study concludes that the COPD patients exhibited improvement in the exercise capacity and quality of life due to breathing retraining.

Keywords: Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercise, 5 Sit to Stand

I. INTRODUCTION

India contributes a significant and growing percentage of COPD mortality which is estimated to be amongst the highest in the world. More than 64.7 estimated age standardised death rate per 100,000 amongst both the genders1.