Effectiveness of Therapeutic Ultrasound and Exercises with Dynamic Taping in Atfl Injury University Level Football Player- Single Case Study

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue IX, September 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

Effectiveness of Therapeutic Ultrasound and Exercises with Dynamic Taping in Atfl Injury University Level Football Player- Single Case Study

Vigneshwaran. S1, T.N.Suresh2*

IJRISS Call for paper

1Student, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institution of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India
2*Vice Principal, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institution of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India
*Corresponding Author

I. INTRODUCTION

Ankle sprain is an injury of the lateral ligament complex of the ankle joint. The injury is graded on the basis of severity. Anterior talofibular ligament is the most commonly injured ligament in ankle sprain.
Grade I is a mild stretching of the ligament complex without joint instability; Grade II is a partial rupture of the ligament complex with mild instability of the joint (such as isolated rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament) and grade III involves complete rupture of the ligament complex with instability of the joint.
Ankle sprain in sport may result in decreased performance, absence from competition and adverse psychological effects.
Following an acute ankle sprain, pain, swelling and ecchymosis are common, which may contribute to reduced mobility and function, as well as occupational absence.
The incidence of ankle sprain is higher in females compared with males.
The sport category with the highest incidence of ankle sprain was indoor/court sports, with a cumulative incidence rate of 7 per 1,000 exposures. There is a significantly higher risk of sustaining a lateral ankle sprain compared with syndesmotic and medial ankle sprains.
Kendrick in 2009, had produced Dynamic Tape (DT), a visco-elastic nylon and lycra blend material with 4-way stretch.
Dynamic tape acts by the mechanism of Load absorption, Force contribution and Modifying movement.
It reduces load on the lateral ligament complex of the ankle by decelerating plantar flexion/inversion, approximating the joint to augment force closure and enhance stability and proprioception and providing a facilitation of the peronei.
Ultrasound is a sound of frequency above 15,000 cycles per second (15kHz). It is used in health care as a diagnostic tool and in the treatment of acute soft tissue injuries.