Immediate Effects of Simple Quadriceps Exercises in Osteoarthritis Knee Pain among Overweight Individuals

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume V, Issue III, March 2018 | ISSN 2321–2705

Immediate Effects of Simple Quadriceps Exercises in Osteoarthritis Knee Pain among Overweight Individuals

M. Karthikeyan1, R .Lavanya Ashitha2, Prof. V. P. R Sivakumar3

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  1Assistant Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur-603202, Tamil Nadu, India
2Student, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur-603202, Tamil Nadu, India
3Dean, SRM College of Physiotherapy, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur-603202, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract:-

BACKGROUND: OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to immediate effects of simple quadriceps exercises in osteoarthritis knee pain among overweight individuals.

STUDY DESIGN: Quasi- experimental.

METHODS: This experimental study was conducted on 30 male and female patients (aged above 60 years) s. 30 subjects were divided into 2 groups, the outcome measures, grip strength was measured using handheld dynamometer and hand function using Michigan hand outcome questionnaire.

RESULTS: There is a statistical significance on comparison of pre and post mean values of functional task exercises group on grip strength measurements of both hands( Right p=0.001, Left p=0.000) and 3 components of Michigan hand outcome questionnaire (OAHF: over all hand function(p=0.002), ADL: activity of daily living (p=0.000) and work(p=0.001). The comparison of pre and post mean values of resistance exercises group also shows statistically significant effect on grip strength measurements of both hands ( Right p=0.000, Left p=0.000) and 4 components of Michigan hand outcome measure questionnaire (OAHF: over all hand function(p=0.001), ADL: activity of daily living(p=0.002) ,work(p=0.005) and satisfaction (p=0.005). But there is no statistical significance on comparing the post test mean values of hand grip strength and Michigan Hand Outcome measure Questionnaire between both the functional task exercises (Group A) and resistance exercises (Group B).

CONCLUSION: There is no statistically significant difference between functional task exercises and resistance exercises in improving the grip strength and hand function in elderly population.

Key words: Michigan hand outcome questionnaire, Functional tasks training, Resistance exercise