Influence of Flatfoot on Ankle Range of Motion and Dynamic Balance among College Students

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International Journal of Research and Scientific Innovation (IJRSI) | Volume VI, Issue XI, November 2019 | ISSN 2321–2705

Influence of Flatfoot on Ankle Range of Motion and Dynamic Balance among College Students

Kavya. R1, D.Vincent Jeyaraj2

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1SRM College of Physiotherapy, Tamil Nadu, India
2Assistant Professor, SRM College of Physiotherapy, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract:-
Background: Flexible flat foot deformity is a condition in which the medial longitudinal arch becomes flat during weight bearing and is restored in non-weight bearing position. It is a quite disabling condition which may lower the properties of foot such as weight transmission, forward propulsion and shock absorption as a result of low medial longitudinal arch. Flat foot may also cause disturbance in both static and dynamic balance of an individual.
Aim: To find whether there is an influence of flat foot on ankle range of motion and dynamic balance in college students.
Methodology: It was an observational type of study of non-experimental design in which both male and female subjects with a bilateral flexible flat foot between the age of 18 and 21 years who had a significant navicular drop and with a normal BMI were selected as participants for the study. The ankle range of motion and dynamic balance of the subjects were obtained. The Universal goniometer was used to measure the ankle range of motion and the Star Excursion Balance Test was used to assess the dynamic balance of the subjects.
Results: The ankle range of motion of the individuals with flat foot was normal. There is a notable difference in the medial, the poster medial and the posterior reach distances of the individuals with flat foot which are considerably less when compared with the normative values of the Star Excursion Balance Test.
Conclusion: The conclusion of this study is that flat foot has no effect on the ankle range of motion but it has an influence over the dynamic balance of the individuals to some extent.

Keywords: Flat foot, Star Excursion Balance Test, Ankle ROM, Dynamic Balance.

I. INTRODUCTION

The longitudinal and transverse arches of the foot help in shock absorption and weight transmission and thereby help in the forward propulsion of the body . These arches are absent in infants and are developed, as the child starts to weight bear at the age of 2 to 6 years. When the height of the medial longitudinal arch becomes lowered and almost flat during weight bearing, the sole of the entire foot touches the floor.