Prevalence of Lumpy Skin Disease at District Veterinary Hospital in Sylhet District of Bangladesh

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International Journal of Research and Innovation in Applied Science (IJRIAS) | Volume VI, Issue X, October 2021|ISSN 2454-6194

Prevalence of Lumpy Skin Disease at District Veterinary Hospital in Sylhet District of Bangladesh

Faija Sadia Pory1, Rayhan Mahmud Lasker1, Md. Nazrul Islam2, Md. Saiful Islam Siddiqui3*
1 Intern. Faculty of Veterinary, Animal & Biomedical Sciences, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100, Bangladesh
2Assistant Director, Department of Livestock Services (DLS), Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh
3Department of Anatomy & Histology, Faculty of Veterinary, Animal & Biomedical Sciences, Sylhet Agricultural University, Sylhet-3100, Bangladesh
Corresponding author*

IJRISS Call for paper

Abstract: Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is an acute viral disease of cattle with major economic impacts and recently emerged very common in Bangladesh. This cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the prevalence, temporal distribution, and risk factors for clinical LSD. The present study was performed in the District Veterinary Hospital, Sylhet during the period of January 2020 to December 2020. A total of 2762 cattle were examined where 377 cattle were found to be infected with Lumpy Skin Disease virus based on the clinical inspection, clinical history and owners complain . The results indicated that the overall prevalence of LSD was 13.65% (95% CI: 12.37-14.93%) in cattle. The incidence rate of the disease was discussed based on the effect of age, sex, breed and season. The temporal patterns indicate a higher number of LSD cases in May (46.99%) and June (48.69%). Moreover, the indigenous breed (15.34%) and adult cattle aged 1.5-3 years old (18.02%) were significantly (p<0.05) higher for LSD. There was no statistically significant (p<0.53) difference between the two sexes. So, it could be concluded that age, breed and time were found to be associated factors with the potential risk of LSD occurrence. Though, no serological test was conducted for the confirmatory diagnosis but this study will be helpful for future research on the subject under investigation.

Key words: Lumpy Skin Disease, Prevalence, Risk factor, temporal distribution.

I. INTRODUCTION

Bangladesh is one of the world’s most densely populated countries in south Asia. In this region, livestock is a significant sub-sector that is considered the backbone of agriculture. The contribution of livestock in Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is about 1.43% and GDP growth rate of livestock is 3.04% in Bangladesh (Economic Report, DLS: 2020-unpublished data). Aside from that, the most essential raw resource for the leather industry is cattle hides. Bangladesh has 113 tanneries that generate 180 million square feet of hides and skins every year, valued $75 billion in commerce. However, livestock diseases are the most important impediment to livestock development in Bangladesh. Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD) is a serious viral disease that affects cattle health and cattle’s hide.